Dr Douglas Cormack, Honorary Member of ISCO, has written an open letter to those NGOs that continue to support scientifically unproven beliefs that inhibit the application of cost-effective strategies for spill response.
Dr Douglas Cormack, Honorary Member of ISCO, has written an open letter to those NGOs that continue to support scientifically unproven beliefs that inhibit the application of cost-effective strategies for spill response.
The ISCO delegation to MEPC64 presented its paper highlighting the problems faced by masters of skimming vessels when prohibited from discharging settled-out water during operations to recover oil spillage.
Alert – A new post has been added to the RRI Correspondence Group page. Members should log in, go to the IMO Section and select Work Groups and RRI Project.
Mary Ann Dalgleish, ISCO’s Membership Director, does not have an easy job and it’s made more even difficult when she has to spend time chasing up payment of overdue subscriptions. Please help her to reduce unnecessary work by paying subscriptions promptly when they are due.
Please be aware that the Secretariat is about to cancel the membership of a few who have ignored reminders to pay overdue subscriptions.
If you have not responded to reminders it will be assumed that you wish to discontinue your membership and you will be removed from the roll. If failure to pay an overdue subscription is due to an oversight or other circumstance, please get in touch immediately.
The Secretariat does not cancel memberships lightly. The removal of a member (and reinstatement if outstanding fees are settled) entails a considerable amount of work in updating records, mailing lists and website entries.
Over the last months a great deal of work has been done to refine and further develop the criteria and process under which individuals in the spill response industry can gain professional recognition.
The ISCO Secretary has written to all of the twenty-two ISCO Corporate Members who have advised their interest in being part of the ISCO correspondence group. The purpose of the Correspondence Group is to assist ISCO in relaying the views of members and help define how ISCO can most effectively ensure that the private sector within the spill response community contributes ideas and recommendations in regard to this important project for streamlining the mobilisation of spill combat resources during major incidents.
The new RRI web page can be accessed within the Members’ Area of the ISCO website. You will need to log in and select IMO from the menu on the left hand side of the home page, then select Work Groups and finally, RRI project.
The web page takes you through the history of the RRI concept and will be updated as the project develops.
Since ISCO last announced new members at the end of June, we are pleased to welcome some additional new members –
ISCO President David Usher, Secretary John McMurtrie and Honorary Member Dr Douglas Cormack will be representing ISCO at the IMO OPRC-HNS Technical Group meeting which takes place over 24-28 September 2012.
ISCO President David Usher and Honorary Member Dr Douglas Cormack will be representing ISCO at the IMO MEPC meeting which runs from 1st to 5th October 2012.
Michael Stacey, a member of the ISCO executive committee and one of our most stalwart supporters is in hospital having recently suffered a serious stroke.
He is making good progress towards recovery and your Secretary has been helping to keep his friends updated.
I am sure that members and readers will join in sending Michael best wishes.
ISCO’s recently elected Member of Council representing India will be speaking at the forthcoming Oil Spill India Conference taking place at the Holiday Inn Resort at Goa over 13-15 September 2012. Capt Sekhar strongly supports ISCO’s aims and hopes that, by informing attendees at the conference about the organization, he will be able to help ISCO to grow its membership in India. Capt. Sekhar has been managing director of AlphaMERS Pvt. Ltd. since 2010. He began his sea-going career as a cadet in 1980 and progressed through the ranks in the Merchant Navy gaining experience in tanker operations as a junior and senior officer. Among his qualifications he is an experienced auditor for ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISM Code, ISPS Security Code. He is a trained marine incident investigator and experienced in tanker fleet risk management. The full name of his company, which is based in Bangalore, is Alpha Marine Emergency Services Private Limited. The company provides pollution control services for the marine industry.
Are you a response contractor, equipment manufacturer or spill response expert ?
The deadline for Corporate Members of ISCO to register their interest in joining the ISCO Correspondence Group has been extended.
As reported in previous issues of the ISCO Newsletter, an international group has stared to work on the creation of an international Response Resource Inventory (RRI) for spill response. The initiative is part of a project introduced at the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee by the delegation of the United States.
Several ISCO members will be speaking at the forthcoming 3rd Maritime Salvage & Casualty Conference taking place in London over 5-6 September, 2012.
Since ISCO last announced new members at the beginning of this month, we are pleased to welcome some additional new members –
Here are some thoughts I’d like to share with you about ISCO’s past and future.
When ISCO was founded in 1984, its focus was support of government agencies in dealing with environmental issues. Since then, our mission has expanded to serve as a voice for the response industry as well as providing advice and support to national governments and international organizations. This reflects the growing sophistication and complexity of our profession.
In 2005, the organization re-launched itself, and what followed was an increase in membership and in readership of the ISCO Newsletter.
In 2007 we were granted consultative status with IMO as an NGO for oil and hazardous substances pollution control activities, and we’re very pleased that IMO acknowledges our participation.
Recently, our presence at the various spill control conferences has led more professionals to become aware of and appreciate the information ISCO provides in the weekly newsletter. This has encouraged us to consider inaugurating an international conference next year.
Now we are ready to start up our Professional Membership initiative, which has been requested by many who are active in pollution control.
I’m very proud to be associated with John McMurtrie, our Secretary and Editor, and want to acknowledge him for his tireless efforts and commitment in what we are doing for environmental issues. He is a driving force in helping the membership grow, something we need to support these activities and programs.
We’re thankful for the participation of all the members we have, and we encourage those who are not yet members to join. This is an exciting time for ISCO.
Plans are under way to introduce some important changes in the ISCO website. A new feature – Country Pages – is to be introduced within the Members’ Area and will be designed to help Members in each country to network and get to know each other better.
In preparation for the delayed implementation of the Professional Membership initiative new pages are being created - About Professional Membership
■ Application Form ■ Code of Conduct ■ Assessment Guidelines ■ Appeals Policy ■ Complaints Procedure.
On the advice of our insurers and legal advisors, new ISCO Terms and Conditions are also being introduced and will be accessible on the updated website.
All Corporate Members of ISCO should check their entries. The International Directory has just been updated and it is possible that there may be some mistakes or omissions.
Company entries are in four categories – To view your entries click on the headings below in the International Directory menu on the left hand side of the page
EQUIPMENT & MATERIALS
Things you should check –
1. Are the hyperlinks to your website working correctly?
2. Is your company appropriately listed in the various categories?
3. Are there any errors that require correction?
Entries are free of charge for Corporate Members but our IT contractor will make a one time only charge of £20 for uploading banners. If you don’t have a suitable banner, one can be created for only £100.
If you are an individual member providing services in one or more of the four categories and would like to be listed in the International Directory, you will need to apply for Corporate Membership.
Non members can advertise in the International Directory at a cost of £500 per entry per annum, but for most non-members the most economical way to secure a listing in the directory is be to become a Member. Check the rates below –
Corporate (> 500 employees) £ 1,650 or $ 2,600 or € 1,900
Corporate (100-499 employees) £ 1,320 or $ 2,100 or € 1,500
Corporate (50-99 employees) £ 660 or $ 1,100 or € 765
Corporate (10-49 employees) £ 330 or $ 530 or € 405
Corporate (< 10 employees) £ 165 or $ 270 or € 190
As a Corporate Member, you can have free entries in one or more of the relevant categories.
Over the last few months ISCO has welcomed the following new members –
University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (India)
Ikaros Cleantech AB (Sweden)
Crucial Inc. (USA)
KBKM & Associates (USA)
Clean Harbors (USA)
Enviro Voraxial Technology Inc. (USA)
Eco Strategic Consultants (Australia)
Edge Group (UK)
Maritim Miljo-Beredskap AS (Norway)
Dim. G. Lignos & Co. (Greece)
Swire Emergency Response Services (Dubai
Marine Response Alliance (USA)
Pelagic Solutions Ltd. (Belize)
International Environmental & Marine Services (Egypt)
Dr Wierd Koops (Netherlands)
Carlos Sagrera (Uruguay)
Dwight Lindley (USA)
Heather Parker (USA)
Muhammad Saber (Saudi Arabia)
Justin Maxwell (USA)
Prof. Chijioke Ikokwu (Nigeria)
A happy moment at the ISCO booth - From left to right - Will Kohnen (Seamagine), George Zhang (Crest Ecomaterials, China), John Allen (Executive Director, SCAA), David Usher (President, ISCO), Charles Kohnen. (Seamagine)
In a telephone call last Saturday night, ISCO President David Usher reported that ISCO had a very successful presence at Clean Pacific.
David Usher was pleased to be able to meet up with many ISCO members attending the event and to discuss the various new initiatives that ISCO is pursuing on behalf of our members.
He said that Mary Ann Dalgleish (ISCO Membership Director) had received many enquiries from prospective new members.
He also said that several individuals had added their names to the growing list of people in the spill response community who wish to apply for Professional Membership of ISCO as soon as this becomes available.
The traditional draw for a bottle of fine malt whisky (Glenlivet this time) was won by Jane Ellen Delgado of OHMSETT.
Pictured left – ISCO President David Usher with Jean Cameron of Pacific States, British Columbia Oil Spill Task Force. Jean will soon be retiring from the Task Force. Picture below – From left to right, Will Kohnen (Seamagine), David Usher (President, ISCO), Charles Kohnen (Seamagine), Peter Eriksen (Norbit US Ltd.), Bill Hazel (MPC Corp.)
The background was given in the front page news report in last week’s ISCO Newsletter. If you didn’t see this, you can access Newsletter 334 on the ISCO website at http://www.spillcontrol.org
In the paper on International Assistance submitted by the US delegation to the March 2012 meeting of the IMO OPRC-HNS Technical Group the authors identified five groupings for classifying international offers of assistance …
1 Government to Government
2 Private sector to private sector
3 Private sector to Government
4 Private sector-through-Government to Government
5 offers coordinated by Regional Organizations on behalf of governments.
… and the initial thinking of the ISCO delegation is that ISCO should focus its efforts on 2.3 and 4 above.
Clearly, the project will be of extreme interest to manufacturers of response equipment and materials and contractors that own significant stockpiles. The definition of resources also includes individuals with relevant knowledge and experience.
Discussions have begun within the Working Group to address the questions of how inventory information should be collated – broad categories, types, and the use of universally accepted terms in defining resources. Also how the resource inventory should be held, accessed and maintained. It will take time, probably at least two years, to resolve these issues but the international community represented by ISCO has a direct interest in a successful outcome.
One option could be that, in order to make progress, an interim template be created that would allow the work of collating information to begin more or less immediately. ISCO is consulting with others in the Working Group and also intends to explore the issues with its members and the Secretary will be sending out a letter in the near future.
CREATION OF AN INTERNATIONAL INVENTORY OF SPILL RESPONSE RESOURCES
An international group has started to work on the creation of an international Response Resource Inventory (RRI) for spill response. The initiative is part of a project introduced at the IMO Marine Environment Protection Committee by the delegation of the United States.
The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) mobile offshore drilling unit (MODU) oil pollution incident highlights the importance of international stakeholder planning and coordination as a method to ensure maximum resource availability and utilization during a catastrophic oil spill or hazardous substance event.
Several nations stepped forward to assist the United States during the course of the incident. These offers included equipment, technical expertise, and general assistance. The generosity of support from the international partners of the United States cannot be overstated, however, the process for requesting and receiving emergency assistance during DWH was proven ineffective and antiquated. Given today's robust worldwide oil exploration initiatives and transportation patterns, the international community must be prepared to address the challenges faced by responders under a myriad of conditions.
Lessons learned from the DWH incident indicate a need to develop collaborative processes regarding cooperation, in particular, robust mechanisms for handling and coordinating international offers of assistance during a major pollution incident. Using the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation (1990 OPRC) as a basis for the establishment of such guidelines provides the mechanism for such an undertaking. The guidelines will address the challenges of ensuring situational awareness of the incident among Member States, while effectively supporting the response resource needs of the affected Member State. The guidelines should identify common terminology that assists the Member State in identifying resources needed and the status and disposition of available resources. The guidelines should also address issues related to customs and trade issues, transport logistics, categories for offers, mobilization and demobilization. Furthermore, the guidelines should identify a specific process for costing, invoicing, and paying for resources provided. Ideally, this would lead to the establishment of a Resources Inventory System.
The initiative was further progressed at the OPRC-HNS Technical Group Meeting in March 2012 when several delegations, including ISCO, agreed to form a Correspondence Group to work on the project and present recommendations to the next meeting of the Technical Group in September 2012.
As the organization representing the international spill response community, with a membership that includes most of the world’s leading response contractors and equipment manufacturers, ISCO is planning to focus its work on the proposed Response Resource Inventory and specifically to concentrate on the resources available from the private sector. ISCO will be forming an internal working group and over the coming weeks and months will be consulting with interested members on how best to move forward. It is anticipated that response contractors and manufacturers will be quick to realize the commercial advantages of being part of this project. Further developments will be reported in the ISCO Newsletter.
Dr Douglas Cormack follows up last weeks reports on initiatives on decanting settled-out water during spill response and controlled release of oil/HNS for R&D purposes. He describes the background to the ISCO initiative in developing a more effective approach to contingency planning that properly takes into account and applies available scientific knowledge.
The R&D programme conducted by the UK’s Warren Spring Laboratory into Oil/HNS pollution and response produced the environmental knowledge now under review in Cormack’s Column. However, environmentalist belief in species-extinction/ecological disaster has always opposed full use of this knowledge despite being refuted by it.
Thus, we have long known that fully spread layers of Oil/HNS are too thin to produce more than a few parts per million in the top metre of the water-column; that these concentrations subsequently tend to zero by dilution and degradation within the column as a whole without significant toxic effects; that the numbers of heterotrophic bacteria at the base of the ecosystem/food-chain actually increase where oil component concentrations extend their food supply beyond the degradation-products of more complex species within the ecosystem’s organic carbon-cycle; that while oil slicks coat individual birds, the significance of the numbers thus dying are assessable only by comparison with the death/birth rates which maintain species populations; that environmentalists publish no such comparisons; and that, in any case, no incident has thus far produced the species extinction/ecological-disaster which belief expects and reality fails to deliver. Nonetheless, it is this belief which prevents the decanting of water in incident response and the release of Oil/HNS for R&D.
However, even more paradoxically, this belief also inhibits use of safe-haven for the cargo/bunker transfer which, in preventing further release, reduces the coating of shorelines and organisms. Again, this belief paradoxically inhibits the use of dispersants to increase the natural dispersion rates which do more to prevent the coating of shorelines and organisms than either dispersant application or mechanical recovery for which the encounter rates are limited by the layer-thinness which limits dispersed oil concentrations, whether natural or dispersant-induced.
Thus, on the basis of knowledge-acceptance/belief-rejection, ISCO is preparing a general-contingency/ incident-specific approach to response planning in which the latter will derive from the former. Thus, the contingency plan will identify the physicochemical parameters of Oil/HNS which control the floating, sinking, evaporating, emulsifying dispersing and dissolving rates of pollutants at sea and which predict the amounts remaining for dispersant treatment, mechanical recovery and/or stranding as functions of time and wind/tide vectors. Further to stranding, the contingency plan will identify the shoreline parameters which govern pollutant adhesion/penetration, dispersion, recovery, downstream-processing, heterotrophic bioremediation, recycling and/or disposal.
Thus, the contingency plan will be a general repository of response knowledge available to all who need/want to know, while substitution of incident-specific values for the parameters relating to the substance released, and to the shorelines of interaction, will derive the incident-specific action/inaction plan for each incident in sequence. Conversely, record keeping during implementation of incident-specific action plans will keep the general contingency plan up-to-date as a counter to the frequency of national staff changes and the infrequency of major incidents.
The intention is to bring this knowledge-accepting/belief/rejecting approach to the attention of IMO and individual member states; to publicise the familiarity of ISCO/ISAA contractors with it; and to commend them to IOPCF, ITOPF, P&I Clubs etc as cost-effective alternates to the current non-cost-effective thraldom of reality-refuted belief.
If you are attending the Clean Pacific Conference and Exhibition please make a point of visiting ISCO at Booth 506.
ISCO President David Usher and Membership Director Mary Ann Dalgleish will be in attendance and ready to answer questions on the work that ISCO is doing for the international spill response community. With so much going on, it’s a great time to join ISCO and gain the many benefits that membership brings.
Following on the recent election ISCO is pleased to announce that Captain D.C. Sekhar MNI has been appointed as the Representative of India on the ISCO Council.
We offer our congratulations to Capt. Sekhar on his appointment.
Capt. Sekhar has been managing director of AlphaMERS Pvt. Ltd. since 2010. He began his sea-going career as a cadet in 1980 and progressed through the ranks in the Merchant Navy gaining experience in tanker operations as a junior and senior officer. Among his qualifications he is an experienced auditor for ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISM Code, ISPS Security Code. He is a trained marine incident investigator and experienced in tanker fleet risk management.
Currently he is guiding in-house R&D in spill response equipment capabilities and developing a decision support system for the incident response on-scene-commander.
The full name of his company, which is based in Bangalore, is Alpha Marine Emergency Services Private Limited. The company provides pollution control services for the marine industry.
Decanting of settled-out water during skimming operations at sea
ISCO is working on a proposal to make it easier for response vessels to decant settled-out water.
The frustration experienced by responders was recently expressed by an internationally respected oil spill response expert – “It’s crazy when the sea is covered with oil as far as you can see, but it’s not only the US who enforce this rule. I have had the same answer from the Italian Coast Guard, as the rules are the same all over Europe. The rules are meant to cover normal operations and of course we all want to see low discharges into the sea, but there should be a dispensation for spills".
In situations where an oil spill recovery vessel is obliged to cease recovery operations on account of available tank capacity being completely topped up with recovered oil-water mixture, the rules do not allow settled out water to be discharged (to permit continuation of oil recovery) unless oil content is below 15ppm.
In virtually all oil spill situations it is not practicable for skimming vessels to have onboard capability to process settled-out water to ensure oil content is below the permitted limit. In order to comply with rules, the only immediately available option is to halt oil recovery.
This said, there is in fact a clause in the current MARPOL rules that does allow governments to permit decanting in specific situations but it’s not well known and certainly not something that can be quickly and easily resolved in the midst of a response action. The experience of masters of skimming vessels and on-scene-commanders is that officials will automatically refuse permission.
ISCO is proposing that guidelines be developed to allow decanting in an environmentally responsible way in accordance with the principle of net environmental benefit. ISCO’s aim would be to get the rules amended in such a way that a ship’s master or on-scene-commander acting in conformance with these guidelines would be empowered to decant settled-out water without fear of prosecution.
• Facilitating the use of oil at sea for research, equipment evaluation and testing
The need for more effective response technologies has been highlighted by the Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico and the higher risks posed by increased oil industry operations in hostile and sensitive environments.
The availability of laboratory and test tank facilities is good but this does not provide a complete answer. At-sea testing and scientific evaluation using oil is an essential component of some kinds of marine spill response R&D. Consider, for example, the large body of work conducted by the British Government’s Warren Spring Laboratory in developing techniques for aerial application of oil spill dispersants – this could not have been done without using oil at sea. A current example is the need for work being done to test and evaluate performance of new technology for sub-sea oil recovery
ISCO is not advocating making it easy for all and sundry to carry out experiments with oil at sea but we do see the need for guidelines to determine the parameters under which responsible parties can be allowed to conduct important R&D work at sea under controlled conditions.
The end objective is to facilitate the development of more effective technologies for protection of the marine environment.