Chemical Spill Response Technical and Reference Information

 

 

The aim of this page is to provide our members with a comprehensive facility for accessing chemical / HNS spill response tools, manuals, guidelines, case histories and other information from a wide range of sources. Users are invited to recommend inclusion of additional information that will be useful to other members. Please send your suggestions to info@spillcontrol.org

Members are requested to report any broken links or other problems in order that corrective action can be taken

These pages are revised and updated from time to time but content may not always contain latest information that has recently been uploaded on websites of the listed organizations. You can check for updates by visiting the websites of the listed information sources.

 

LIST OF CONTENTS / INFORMATION SOURCES

CENTRE OF DOCUMENTATION, RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION ON ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION  (CEDRE)

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)

ITOPF LTD.

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

NHL UNIVERSITY  –  CHEMICAL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

PIPELINE & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION (PHMSA) – EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDE (ERG)

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)

US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE (NLM – NIH) – WIRELESS INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS (WISER)

SAFE WORK AUSTRALIA

 

CENTRE OF DOCUMENTATION, RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION ON ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION  (CEDRE)

 We regret to advise that the links for downloading the guidelines given below are currently not active. Cedre has advised that it is hoped to reactivate the links soon. Links will be re-activated and new material will be added as soon as they become available from Cedre.

http://wwz.cedre.fr/en/

Cedre produces custom-made documents providing an overview of field issues and compiling operational information for use in the event of a spill.   Cedre documents are available in French, English and Spanish.

The dissemination of Cedre’s knowledge in the form of guides and operational documents is intended to help readers to manage, or prepare to manage, accidental water pollution.

Cedre Operational Guides provide information for decision-makers and operators in the event of a spill of pollutant into an aquatic environment.  In this section links are provided for downloading Cedre Operational Guides but you can find much more useful information by visiting the Cedre website at http://wwz.cedre.fr/en/ 

First line information in case of chemical spills into water

IMPORTANT: Please note that some of the CEDRE guides listed in the CEDRE section within the Oil Spill Response part of the ISCO Technical & Reference pages have application in both Chemical and Oil Response situations. You should therefore also visit the CEDRE section under Oil Spill Response for relevant information. 

CEDRE chemical response guides can be used during emergency response in the event of an incident involving hazardous substances liable to cause water pollution.

These documents are designed to enable rapid access to the necessary initial information (first line emergency data), in addition to providing relevant bibliographical sources to obtain further information. They also contain the results of scenarios relating to incidents in the Channel, the Mediterranean and in rivers.  

 

1,2 Dichloroethane

UN N° : 1184 MARPOL Classification : Y SEBC Classification : SD (sinker / dissolver)

Highly flammable, toxic

Download  (1.26 MB)

Ammonia

UN N° : 1005 MARPOL Classification : n/a SEBC Classification : GD (gas / dissolver)

Toxic, dangerous for the environment

Download (1.98 MB)

Benzene

UN N° : 1114 MARPOL Classification : C until 31-12-2006 Y from du 01-01-2007 SEBC Classification : E (evaporator)

Readily flammable, toxic

Download (962.40 kB)

Chloroform

UN N° : 1888 MARPOL Classification : Y SEBC Classification : SD (sinker / dissolver)

Irritant, dangerous for human health

Download (968.69 kB)

Dimethyl disulphide

UN N° : 2381 MARPOL Classification : Y SEBC Classification : S (sinker)

Highly flammable, harmful, dangerous for the environment

Download (1.24 MB)

Ethyl acrylate

UN N° : 1917 (stabilised) MARPOL Classification : A until 31-12-2006 Y from du 01-01-2007 SEBC Classification : ED (evaporates / dissolver)

Highly flammable, harmful

Download (839.26 kB)

Methyl ethyl ketone

UN N° : 1193 MARPOL Classification : Z SEBC Classification : ED (evaporates / dissolver)

Highly flammable, irritant

Download (1.25 MB)

Phosphoric acid

UN N° : 1805

MARPOL Classification : Z SEBC Classification : D (dissolver)

Corrosive

Download (1.20 MB)

Sodium hydroxide 50% solution

UN N° : 1824 MARPOL Classification : D until 31-12-2006 Y from 01-01-2007 SEBC Classification : D (dissolver)

Corrosive

Download (1.17 MB)

Stabilised methyl methalycrate

UN N° : 1247

MARPOL Classification : Y SEBC Classification : ED (evaporates / dissolver)

Highly flammable, irritant

Download (1.73 MB)

Styrene

UN N° : 2055 MARPOL Classification : B until 31-12-2006 Y from 01-01-2007 SEBC Classification : EF (evaporates / floater)

Noxious

Download (1.75 MB)

Sulphuric acid

UN N° : 1830 MARPOL Classification : C until 31-12-2006 Y from 01-01-2007 SEBC Classification : D (dissolver)

Corrosive

Download (1.02 MB)

Unleaded gasoline

UN N° : 1203 CAS N° : 86290-81-5

Toxic, extremely flammable, dangerous for the environment

Download (709.52 kB)
 

Vinyl chloride

UN N° : 1086 MARPOL Classification : not revelant SEBC Classification : G (gas)

Highly flammable, toxic

Download (479.96 kB)

Xylenes

UN N° : 1307 (o-xylène, p-xylène)  3295 (mixed-xylènes) MARPOL Classification : Y SEBC Classification : FE (floats / evaporator)

Flammable, harmful

Download (1.18 MB)

 

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)

http://www.imo.org/pages/home.aspx

IMO has over 200 titles available in English. Many are translated into French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian.

For your convenience, the 2015 publications catalogue lists all titles issued in printed and electronic format. Book code lists with CD and DVD titles are available for easy reference, including e-reader files and e-books.

Note that IMO Publications are not available for free downloading. To find out about how to purchase IMO Publications please visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Documents/Attachments/Welcome.pdf

The list of publications given below relate to Chemical / HNS pollution response.  To access more information about the publications listed below and view the complete list of all IMO Publications please visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Documents/Catalogue%20and%20Book%20Code%20Lists/English/Catalogue.pdf

To check for recently added publications visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Pages/JustPublished.aspx     Details of new and forthcoming IMO Publications are given in IMO Publishing News and a link for viewing the latest issue can be found in every issue of the ISCO Newsletter.

OPRC-HNS PROTOCOL 2000 (2002 Edition)

GUIDANCE DOCUMENT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (IMS)

GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SHIPBOARD MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY PLANS (2010 Edition)

MANUAL ON CHEMICAL POLLUTION (1999 EDITION)

 

ITOPF LTD.

http://www.itopf.org

TECHNICAL INFORMATION PAPERS ON MARINE SPILL RESPONSE              

ITOPF’s series of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) reflect technological advances and ITOPF’s more recent collective experience on a wide range of marine pollution topics. TIP 17 covers response to marine chemical incidents.

Available to download from ITOPF’s website in the following languages:

English   Chinese   French   Korean   Russian   Spanish   Arabic   Turkish   Japanese                                                                                          

TIP 17: Response to marine chemical incidents

This paper provides an introduction to the issues involved in responding to chemical spills and addresses the range of hazards present, the behaviour of chemicals when spilt at sea and briefly reviews available response options.  

Download

Are HNS spills more dangerous than oil spills? (2009)

A White Paper presented by Dr Karen Purnell at the Interspill & 4th IMO R&D Forum, Marseille, May 2009

Download

Further information is also available on ITOPF’s web page: –

Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS)

Chemical spills occur at a much lower frequency than spills of oil. However, the consequence of a chemical spill can be more wide reaching than that of oil and there is growing international awareness of the need for safe and effective contingency arrangements for chemical spills.

The wide variety of chemicals transported, their varying physical and chemical properties, the different ways in which they behave in the environment and the potential for effects on human health mean that response to chemical spills is not as straightforward as for oil.

  

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

http://www.noaa.gov/

RESPONSE TOOLS FOR OIL SPILLS

Here is a quick guide to many of the most commonly used tools and resources that OR&R offers for chemical spill responders and planners. General emergency responders may also want to refer to the quick list of tools and resources for oil spill response

  • CAMEO Chemicals, a database of hazardous chemical datasheets you can use to get response recommendations and predict hazards. Available in online and downloadable versions.
  • CAMEO software suite programs:
    • CAMEOfm, an application to access and manage chemical property and emergency response information.
    • ALOHA, a modeling program that estimates hazards after a chemical release.
    • MARPLOT, CAMEO’s mapping program.
  • Chemical Reactivity Worksheet (CRW), a program that predicts the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances.
  • RMP*Comp, a program that helps chemical facilities that fall under the RMP rule complete their required offsite consequence analysis.
  • Tier2 Submit, a program that helps chemical facilities meet their Tier II reporting requirements under Sections 311 and 312 of EPCRA.
  • Training, training resources for CAMEO.

Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) Database

The Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) database is a software program you can use to estimate the fate and effects of thousands of chemicals, oils, and dispersants.

CAFE serves as a tool to help responders in their assessment of environmental impacts from chemical or oil spills into an aquatic environment.

Using CAFE, you can choose between four different spill scenarios: chemical, oil only, dispersant only, and dispersants mixed with oil.

Download CAFE

More Information about Chemical Spill Response

Learn more about OR&R’s tools and resources for chemical spill response.

You can also find contact information for SSCs around the U.S., and a sampling of research publications written by

OR&R scientists and other partners.

 

NHL UNIVERSITY  –  CHEMICAL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

http://www.spillresponse.nl/index.php/Category:Chemical_Spill_Response_Manual 

Welcome to Chemical Spill Response Manual

Risks

Ways to transport chemicals at sea

Type of packages Type of ships Transport statistics

Types of chemicals

Information tools Comparison chemicals/products versus oil Top 100 most frequently transported chemicals Classification of chemicals Nomenclature & identification Type of chemicals Properties of chemicals

Types of accidents

Case histories Statistics Spill scenario’s Distress scenarios

Behaviour of substances released into the aquatic environment

Calculated prediction of the behaviour of spilled substances Lost packages Sinkers Dissolvers Floaters Gases/evaporators SEBC

Hazards of substances released in the aquatic environment

Hazard Assessment Relevance of the SEBC for hazard classification Hazards to the marine environment Toxicity Hazards to human beings


Response

Response options

Summary of response options Monitoring and leaving to natural processes Coastal clean-up In situ burning Mechanical recovery Use of chemical dispersants Mechanical dispersion Response to ships in distress Lost packaged goods Chemical releases

Maritime assistance services

Financial aspects of salvage Classification of Salvage Services

Personal Protection

Protection in Water Compartment Summary Fire fighting Description of respiratory equipment Description of personal protective (non-respiratory equipment) General Personal protection equipment: air compartment

 

 PIPELINE & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION (PHMSA)

http://phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg

Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG) 

PHMSA’s 2012 Emergency Response Guidebook provides first responders with a go-to manual to help deal with hazmat accidents during the critical first 30 minutes. DOT’s goal is to place an ERG in every emergency service vehicle nationwide.

Download the ERG

 

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

http://www.rempec.org 

 The “Regional Oil Combating Centre” (ROCC) was originally established in 1976 by the decision of the Contracting Parties with the mandate to strengthen the capacities of coastal States in the Mediterranean region and to facilitate co-operation among them in order to combat massive marine pollution by oil, particularly by developing national capacities to combat oil pollution and by establishing a regional information system with a view to dealing with marine pollution emergencies. In 1989, the name of the Centre was changed to the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC). REMPEC is administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in cooperation with UNEP/MAP.

REMPEC has developed a series of Guidlines with particular relevance to the Mediterranean Region.

Material safety data sheet

The document provides an explanation of the basic terminology and definitions contained in Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).  MSDS is an important source of information on physical and chemical properties of a chemical that might be released during an accident, and it is essential that these are clearly understood by the personnel handling chemicals. 

MSDS regularly contain information on the biological and hazardous properties presented by the chemical in question and the preventive measures to be taken when the chemical is spilled.

Guide for the significance of a Safety Data Sheet

 

Personal protective equipment and monitoring devices

The document gives background information on various aspects to consider in the acquisition of personal protection equipment and provides those in charge of response operations with the necessary information for the selection of the appropriate equipment in relation to the conditions and hazards encountered in a hazardous material spilled.  It deals with the following topics:
             – the routes of exposure of response personnel to hazardous substances;
             – a description of personal protective equipment;
             – personal portable monitoring devices for chemical spill response;
             – spill protection levels and the associated protective equipment required;
             – the requirements for entry into enclosed spaces;
             – decontamination procedures

Guide for Personal Protective Equipment and Monitoring Devices for Maritime Chemical Emergencies

 

Foams in Chemical Spill Response

The main body of the document is a synopsis of the subject matter and aims at providing those involved in response operations with background information on the various technical issues associated with the use of foam as a response method.  It contains four main sections: (i) the fundamentals of a foam, (ii) foam concentrates, (iii) the production of a finished foam, and (iv) application of finished foam, and various Annexes, one of which (Annex III) lists common terminology associated with foam use.

Guide for Theory Proactive in Chemical Spill Response

 

Gaseous releases from maritime incidents

The document provides emergency-planning personnel with informative background on the issues related to releases of gases, and it is intended for the response personnel, in particular decision-makers, who have a basic maritime and technical background. The document deals with the following topics: aspects of the chemistry of gases pertaining to their carriage at sea, container systems for packaged gases, layouts of gas carriers, international regulations governing the transportation of gases by sea, hazardous properties of gases, behaviour of airborne gas releases, and response measures for gas releases.

Since it is recognized that the overall topic of the transport of gases   by sea is extremely complex, some liberties have been taken in the way   some of the information has been presented. This has been done to  ensure  that the various concepts can be easily understood by a wide  audience.

Guide for Risks of Gaseous releases resulting from Maritime Accidents

 

Maritime Integrated Decision Support Information System
 
 
The Maritime Integrated Decision Support Information System (MIDSIS-TROCS) is a decision support system designed as a reference for use in the field (downloadable offline application) or office (Online version), aiming at assisting decision-makers to select measures to be taken related to plausible hazardous material marine spill.

 

It thus provides options for response to marine chemical emergencies and presents them in a structured format which can facilitate the decision given the amount of information available at the start of the event. The main added value of this tool in comparison with other existing HNS tools is the availability of accidents reports linked to a specific chemical. The chemical data gathered in the tool has been updated to reflect the developments which took place at the international level.
 

 

 

US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE (NLM – NIH) – WIRELESS INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS (WISER)

http://wiser.nlm.nih.gov/

 

WISER is a system designed to assist emergency responders in hazardous material incidents. WISER provides a wide range of information on hazardous substances, including substance identification support, physical characteristics, human health information, and containment and suppression advice.

WISER is available for download as a standalone application on Microsoft Windows PCs, Apple iPhone and iPod Touch, Google Android devices, and BlackBerry devices.

 

Visit the training page to download materials that aid with training on the usage of WISER.

When an Internet connection is available, use your web browser to access the same functionality of the standalone applications. WebWISER supports both PC and mobile device browsers, including BlackBerry, iPhone, and Android devices.

Join the E-mail List – Want to get notices of WISER updates and news? Join the WISER E-mail List to automatically receive important announcements about WISER.
 
More info: As of 5/2/2015, there have been updates to WISER across all current platforms. See what’s new in these releases.

As of 9/18/2014, version 3.1 of WISER for iOS is available.  See what’s new in version 3.1.1.

As of 5/13/2014, version 3.1 of WISER for Android is available.  See what’s new in version 3.1.

 

SAFE WORK AUSTRALIA

www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au 

Hazard Surveillance: Residual Chemicals in Shipping Containers …

Exposures for workers who unpacked 76 shipping containers in Melbourne and … of video exposure monitoring and gas sampling techniques.