150 Genome-wide DNA methylation changes in Oryzias melastigma embryos exposed to the water accommodated fraction of crude oil

Wang C., Lei W., Du L., Xu Y., Lou Y., Peng M., Gao D. (2024) Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 277, art. no. 116325, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2024.116325

ABSTRACT: The water accommodated fraction (WAF) of crude oil exerts considerable impacts on marine fish during embryonic stage. Clarifying changes in epigenetic modifications is helpful for understanding the molecular mechanism underlying the toxicity of embryonic WAF exposure. The aim of this study was to explore genome-wide DNA methylation changes in Oryzias melastigma embryos after exposure to the nominal total petroleum hydrocarbon concentration of 500 μg/L in WAF for 7 days. Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing revealed that 8.47 % and 8.46 % of all the genomic C sites were methylated in the control and WAF-exposed groups, respectively. Among the three sequence contexts, methylated CG site had the largest number in both the two groups. The sequence preferences of nearby methylated cytosines were consistent between the two groups. A total of 4798 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were identified in the promoter region. Furthermore, Gene Ontology analysis revealed that DMR-related genes were enriched mainly for functions related to development and nervous system. Additionally, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways enriched in DMR-related genes were related to nervous system and endocrine system. These novel findings provide comprehensive insights into the genome-wide DNA methylation landscape of O. melastigma following embryonic WAF exposure, shedding light on the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms underlying WAF-induced toxicity.

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