Oil Spill Response Technical & Reference Information

The aim of this page is to provide our members with a comprehensive facility for accessing oil spill response tools, manuals, guidelines, case histories and other information from a wide range of sources. Users are invited to recommend inclusion of additional information that will be useful to other members. Please send your suggestions to info@spillcontrol.org 

Members are also requested to report any broken links or other problems in order that corrective action can be taken.

These pages are revised and updated from time to time, but content may not always contain latest information that has recently been uploaded on websites of the listed organizations. You can check for updates by visiting the websites of the listed information sources.

LIST OF CONTENTS / INFORMATION SOURCES

AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

ARCTIC COUNCIL- EMERGENCY PREVENTION PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE 

CENTRE OF DOCUMENTATION, RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION ON ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION  (CEDRE)
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)

IPIECA (Formerly known as the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association)

ITOPF LTD. (Formerly known as The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd.)

NATIONAL OCEANIC & ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

NHL UNIVERSITY – OIL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

POSOW (Preparedness for Oil-polluted Shoreline clean-up and Oiled Wildlife)

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

SHORELINE CLEANUP ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUE (SCAT)

 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN TO FIND THE SECTION YOU REQUIRE

AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

http://www.api.org

Aerial and Vessel Dispersant Preparedness and Operational Guide – Technical Report 1148

The Guide is divided into two parts that provide guidance and examples on:

  • Preparedness: Planning, organization, training, exercising, and other activities that can be conducted prior to a spill to ensure adequate resources and readiness for dispersant application, and
  • Operations: Response objectives and checklists, operational plans, procedures, meetings, and forms that can be used to aid in obtaining regulatory approval and to effectively manage, coordinate and document dispersant operations.

Additionally, the Dispersant Guide can be used to develop a company’s or organization’s stand-alone dispersant preparedness and operations plan or can be incorporated into applicable oil spill response plans (OSRPs). Although developed for U.S. based dispersant operations, the processes and examples represent best practices and easily can be modified for international operations.

The Aerial and Vessel Dispersant Preparedness and Operations Guide is available free-of-charge at the following API web site:

http://www.oilspillprevention.org/~/media/oil-spill-prevention/spillprevention/r-and-d/dispersants/api-technical-report-1148-final.pdf

ARCTIC COUNCIL – EPPR

http://www.arctic-council.org

http://www.eppr.org

The Emergency Preparedness, Prevention and Response Working Group, EPPR, is one of the six Working Groups of the Arctic Council. EPPR focuses on the prevention, preparedness and response to environmental emergencies, search and rescue, natural and manmade disasters, and accidents in the Arctic.

EPPR was established in 1991 and has been working since to enhance cooperation, information sharing, data collection and addressing gaps in the field of Arctic emergencies. While EPPR is not an operational response organization, EPPR develops, implements, and supports projects and activities related to the mandate and collaborates with relevant stakeholders.

EPPR works together with other Arctic Council Working Groups to produce information on best practices, to assess Arctic circumstances, to generate data and knowledge and to develop tools for informed decision making and cooperation in the Arctic.

Reports from Exercises

Reports and Assessments on the topic of oil spill response

Additional work related to analyses and assessments.

Appendix IV: Operational Guidelines 2020, Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness & Response in the Arctic

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) (Arctic Council Secretariat, 2020-12-23)

The Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (the “Agreement”) includes the following non‐binding Operational Guidelines (the “Guidelines”). Nothing in these Guidelines is…

MOSPA Table-Top Exercise 2018 Participant Manual

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2018-03)

The 2018 Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) Tabletop Exercise (TTX) is sponsored by the Arctic Council’s Emergency Prevention, Preparedness, and Response (EPPR) …

EPPR Strategic Plan

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2016-03-16)

EPPR is assigned the responsibility for maintaining the Operational Guidelines that implement the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) to which all Arctic Council …

Marine Environmental Response (MER) Experts Group Mandate

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-06-29)

The MER Experts Group’s purpose is to focus specifically on promoting the implementation of the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) and its Operational Guidelines …

Search and Rescue (SAR) Experts Group Mandate

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-06-29)

The SAR EG reports to the EPPR as a guiding body. The group`s purpose is to facilitate high-level, intergovernmental discourse on Arctic SAR issues and to ensure the implementation of the Arctic SAR agreement.

Field Guide for Oil Spill Response in Arctic Waters: Second Edition 2017

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017)

This Field Guide has been developed to provide circumpolar countries with operational oil spill response guidance specific to the unique climatic and physiographic features of the Arctic environment. The Field Guide is a …

Oil Spill Preparedness in Small Communities

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(2017-05)

Community leaders and local emergency response officials were asked to complete the questionnaire. Based on the self-assessment, community preparedness dashboards are displayed via a web-based, interactive map. Also available …

Final Report; Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The report on “Standards for the Prevention of Oil Spills from Offshore Oil and Maritime Industry in the Arctic” has been prepared for the Arctic Council – Emergency, Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) Working …

Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic; Summary Report

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The project “Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic” was approved by EPPR in May 2015 and received concurrence for action by the Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) at their October meeting, 2015.

Arctic Spill Response Database Query Tool User Guide (Version 1.03)

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) recognizes the importance of reliable data in responding quickly and efficiently to oil spills in the Arctic Region. The …

Circumpolar Oil Spill Response Viability Analysis; Technical Report

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The purpose of this circumpolar Arctic response viability analysis is to better understand the potential for different oil spill response systems to operate in the Arctic marine environment. The EPPR Working Group …

Международной научно-практической конференции. «Проблемы предупреждения и ликвидации чрезвычайных ситуаций и создание комплексных аварийно-спасательных центров в Арктике».

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2012)

“От имени и по поручению Губернатора и Правительства Красноярского края, а также от себя лично разрешите поприветствовать вас на Международной научно-практической конференции, посвященной вопросам предупреждения и ликвидации …

Recommended Practices for Arctic Oil Spill Prevention

Det norske Veritas (Dn V)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2013)

This report was prepared by DNV on behalf of the Norwegian Coastal Administration, which represents Norway in the Arctic Council’s Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response Working Group (EPPR). This report includes …

Arctic Exercise: After Action Report. On the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic.

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2014-09)

The first exercise under the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic was hosted by Canada, and organised by the Canadian Coast Guard as National Competent Authority for …

Guide to Oil Spill Response in Snow and Ice Conditions

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2015)

The objective of the Arctic version of the Guide is to identify and describe those aspects of planning and operations that are directly associated with a response to an Arctic oil spill in ice and snow conditions. Response …

Руководство по реагированию на разливы нефти в условиях ледового и снежного покрова. Резюме.

Bjerkemo, Ole Kristian; Bruns, Patti(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2015)

Арктика – динамичный, меняющийся регион. Находясь в среде, которая отличается как крайней уязвимостью, так и высокой жизнеспособностью, жители Арктики понимают необходимость добрососедского циркумполярного сотрудничества …

Summary: Guide to Oil Spill Response in Snow and Ice Conditions in the Arctic.

Bjerkemo, Ole Kristian; Bruns, Patti(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2015)

The Arctic is a dynamic and changing region. With an environment that is both fragile and resilient, Arctic inhabitants understand that it takes cooperation among circumpolar neighbours to safeguard resources that are key …

Arctic Environmental Response Management Application

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat, 2015)

ERMA is an online mapping tool that integrates both static and real-time data, such as Environmental Sensitivity Index maps, ship locations, weather, and ocean currents, in a centralized format for environmental responders …

Arctic Environmental Hazards and National Mitigation Programs.

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat, 2015)

Under the Arctic Environment Protection Strategy and the Arctic Council, the Arctic countries have agreed on a “framework for taking early cooperative action on emergency prevention, preparedness and response in the Arctic.” …

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CEDRE: http://cedre.fr/en

Cedre produces custom-made documents providing an overview of field issues and compiling operational information for use in the event of a spill.   Cedre documents are available in French, English and Spanish.

The dissemination of Cedre’s knowledge in the form of guides and operational documents is intended to help readers to manage, or prepare to manage, accidental water pollution.

Cedre Operational Guides provide information for decision-makers and operators in the event of a spill of pollutant into an aquatic environment.  In this section links are provided for downloading Cedre Operational Guides but you can find much more useful information by visiting the Cedre website at: –

http://wwz.cedre.fr/en/Resources/Publications/Operational-Guides

CUSTOM-MADE SPILL RESPONSE BARRIERS

During the response to many oil spills in coastal or inland waters, the use of manufactured booms has often been supplemented using devices put together by response teams in emergency situations. Download

MANUFACTURED SPILL RESPONSE BOOMS

This guide focuses on manufactured (i.e. factory-made) spill response booms and attempts to provide an overview of the main models available on the market.   Download

USE OF SORBENTS FOR SPILL RESPONSE

The guide is aimed at operators liable to use sorbents as part of response operations to accidental oil or chemical pollution.   Download

RESPONSE TO SMALL-SCALE POLLUTION IN PORTS AND HARBOURS

This guide aims to provide operational answers to all the questions which responders may have on the choice of response techniques and materials suitable for small pollution incidents in ports and harbours.   Download

SURVEYING SITES POLLUTED BY OIL

This guide seeks to present a coastal survey method likely to produce a useable, short and yet complete report that can be used as a basis for filling in an operational coastal report form.    Download

LOCAL AUTHORITIES’ GUIDE: WHAT TO DO IN THE EVENT OF A SPILL

The guide addresses some general issues and provides many examples of the French organisation. This guide aims to give this authority keys to decision-making in the event or threat of a spill of pollutant liable to reach the banks or shoreline of his municipality.     Download

 VEGETABLE OIL SPILLS AT SEA

Vegetable oils are an ever-increasing part of bulk traffic. These oils are only slightly toxic, however, when spilled in significant volumes, they can have adverse effects on the environment. This guide is to offer useful scientific and technical facts to operational team.  Download

INVOLVEMENT OF SEA PROFESSIONALS IN SPILL RESPONSE

The aim of this guide is to provide managers of fleets of sea professionals as well as response operators on the shoreline, with organisational and technical solutions in order to implement an appropriate and efficient response to a spill of pollutant, whether crude or refined oil, chemicals, drums or containers.   Download

USING DISPERSANT TO TREAT OIL SLICKS AT SEA – AIRBORNE AND SHIPBOARD TREATMENT

This guide replaces two others entitled “Manual for treating slicks with dispersants sprayed from surface vessels” and “Manual for treating slicks with dispersants sprayed from airborne assets” dating back to 1987 and 1991 respectively. We update our publications in the light of how techniques, technology and knowledge have developed, in a more operational format.   Download

MANAGEMENT OF VOLUNTEERS IN COASTAL POLLUTIOM RESPONSE

This guide is aimed at setting out general, common principles of organisation and management in the event of a coastal pollution incident, in particular for associations and NGOs who may have to manage volunteers.   Download

OIL SPILL WASTE MANAGEMENT

In the event of accidental shoreline pollution, clean-up operations inevitably generate all kinds of waste materials, sometimes in great quantities. The aim of this guide is to provide the information needed to help in initial decision-making in an emergency situation.   Download

CONTAINERS AND PACKAGES LOST AT SEA

The aim of this operational guide is to provide the information necessary for an initial decision to be taken even before any precise information from the shipping companies involved is available.   Download

AERIAL OBSERVATION OF OIL POLLUTION AT SEA

The first vocation of this operational guide is to be present onboard all aircraft likely to be involved in aerial observation of oil pollution at sea. However, it is also a useful tool in pollution response centres and as a technical support for public relations personnel.   Download

ECOLOGICAL MONITORING OF ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION

This guide is aimed at decision-makers liable to be involved in designing and implementing ecological monitoring programmes in the aftermath of an accidental water pollution incident.   Download

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO); www.imo.org

IMO has over 200 titles available in English. Many are translated into French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian which are available at:  http://www.imo.org/pages/home.aspx

For your convenience, the 2021 publications catalogue lists all titles issued in printed and electronic format. Book code lists with CD and DVD titles are available for easy reference, including e-reader files and e-books. IMO Publications are not available for free downloading. To find out about how to purchase IMO Publications please visit the IMO website:  http://www.imo.org

A selection of publications is shown below relating to Oil Pollution Control.  To access more information about the publications listed below and view the complete list of all IMO Publications please visit.  http://imo.org/en/Publications/Pages/CurrentPublications.aspx

To check for recently added publications visit.

 http://www.imo.org/en/Publications/Pages/JustPublished.aspx     

Details of new and forthcoming IMO Publications are given in IMO Publishing News and a link for viewing the latest issue can be found in every issue of the ISCO Newsletter.

BIOREMEDIATION IN MARINE OIL SPILLS (2010 Edition)

CIVIL LIABILITY FOR OIL POLLUTION DAMAGE (1996 Edition)

COMPENSATION FUND FOR OIL POLLUTION DAMAGE (1972 Edition)

GUIDELINE FOR OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN FAST CURRENTS (2013 Edition)

GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SHIP POLLUTION EMERGENCY PLANS (2010 Edition)

GUIDE TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF OPRC CONVENTION AND OPRC HNS PROTOCOL (2020 Edition

FIELD GUIDE FOR OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN TROPICAL WATERS (1997 Edition)

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON OPRC (1991 Edition)

PREVENTION OF POLLUTION (OILPOL) (1981 Edition)

MANUAL ON OIL POLLUTION (6 Sections – Various Publication Dates)

MANUAL ON OIL SPILL RISK EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE PREPAREDNESS (2010 Edition)

MARPOL (Consolidated edition 2017)

OIL SPILL DISPERSANT APPLICANTION GUIDELINES (1995 Edition)

OIL SPILL RISK EVALUATION MANUAL (2010 Edition)

PARTICULARLY SENSITIVE SEA AREAS (PSSA) (2007 Edition)

POLLUTION PREVENTION EQUIPMENT (2006 Edition)

PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE REPORTING OF INCIDENTS INVOLVING HARMFUL SUBSTANCES UNDER MARPOL (1999 Edition)

RESPONSE TO A MARINE OIL POLLUTION INCIDENT (2016 Edition)

SEAFOOD SAFETY DURING AND AFTER AN OIL SPILL (2002 Edition)

SHIPBOARD POLLUTION EMERGENCY PLANS (SOPEP) (2010 Edition)

SUPPLEMENT TO OILPOL (1981 Edition)

 IPIECA: http://www.ipieca.org

To look at the currently available guidelines please click on the following link http://www.ipieca.org/resources/

IPIECA develops, shares, and promotes good practice and knowledge to help the industry and improve its environmental and social performance. We do this with the understanding that the issues that dominate the sustainable development agenda – climate and energy, environmental and social issues – are too big for individual companies to tackle alone. The industry must work together to achieve improvements that have real impact. IPIECA helps to achieve this goal. 

IPIECA is a not-for-profit association that provides a forum for encouraging continuous improvement in industry performance. IPIECA is the only global association involving both the upstream and downstream oil and gas industry. It is also the industry’s principal channel of communication with the United Nations.  

IPIECA has produced a series of good practice guides available for free download and available in hard copy from the IPIECA Secretariat. Most IPIECA publications are available in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian and Chinese.

GOOD PRACTICE GUIDES PUBLISHED BY IPIECA

The following publications are available in various languages including English; Spanish; German; Portuguese and Russian.

OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS 

Strategy

Oil spill preparedness and response: An introduction. (2019) 

Guidelines on implementing spill impact mitigation assessment (SIMA). (2018)

Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA). (2016) 

The global distribution and assessment of major oil spill response resources. (2020)

Tiered preparedness and response. (2016) 

Incident Management Systems (IMS). (2014) 

Planning

Contingency planning for oil spills on water.(2016) 

Regulatory approval of dispersant products and authorization for their use. (2016)

Sensitivity mapping for oil spill response. (2016) 

Guidelines on oil characterization to inform spill response decisions. (2013)

Oil spill risk assessment and response planning for offshore installations. (2013)

People 

Mutual Aid Indemnification and Liability, including a template Emergency Personnel Secondment Agreement. (2016)

Oil spill exercises. (2016) 

Oil spill response training. (2016) 

Oil spill responder health and safety. (2016) 

Response  

Aerial observation of oil pollution at sea. (2016) 

A guide to oiled shoreline clean-up techniques. (2016) 

A guide to shoreline assessment (SCAT) surveys. (2016) 

At-sea containment and recovery. (2016) 

Oil Spill Monitoring and Sampling. (2021)

At-sea monitoring of surface dispersant effectiveness. (2014)

Controlled in-situ burning of spilled oil. (2016) 

Dispersant’s logistics and supply planning. (2016)

Dispersants: subsea application. (2016) 

Dispersants: surface application. (2016) 

Guidelines for the selection of in-situ burning equipment. (2016)

Inland responses. (2016) 

In-water surveillance of oil spills at sea. (2016) 

Oil spill waste minimization and management. (2016)

Satellite remote sensing of oil spills at sea. (2016) 

The use of decanting during offshore oil spill recovery operations. (2016)

Wildlife response preparedness. (2017) 

Economic assessment and compensation for marine oil releases. (2016) 

Impacts on marine ecology. (2016) 

Impacts on shorelines. (2016) 

ITOPF Ltd:  http://www.itopf.com

TECHNICAL INFORMATION PAPERS ON MARINE OIL SPILL RESPONSE             

ITOPF’s series of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) reflect technological advances and ITOPF’s more recent collective experience on a wide range of marine pollution topics. Each paper covers a specific subject in a concise manner, illustrated with photographs and diagrams.

Available to download from ITOPF’s website in the following languages:

English   Chinese   French   Korean   Russian   Spanish   Arabic   Turkish   Japanese                                                                                              

TIP 01: Aerial observation of marine oil spills

 This paper presents advice and guidance on conducting effective aerial reconnaissance.        

 Download                                                                                 

TIP 02: Fate of marine oil spills

This paper describes the combined effects of the various natural processes acting on spilled oil, collectively known as ‘weathering’. Factors which determine whether or not the oil is likely to persist in the marine environment are considered together with the implications for response operations.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

TIP 03: Use of booms in oil pollution response

This paper describes the principles of boom design and the two main modes of operation, namely towing by vessels at sea and mooring in shallow or inshore waters.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

TIP 04: Use of dispersants to treat oil spills.

This paper provides an overview of the use and limitations of dispersants on floating oil, as one of a range of options available for response to ship-source marine oil spills.  

 Download                                                                                                                                                       

TIP 05: Use of skimmers in oil pollution response.

 This paper describes the fundamental requirements for the successful use of skimmers in the situations most likely to be encountered during an oil spill and should be read in conjunction with other ITOPF papers in this series, in particular, on the use of booms, shoreline clean-up techniques and the disposal of oil.   

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                  

 TIP 06: Recognition of oil on shorelines

In cases of large spills, the source of stranded oil may be obvious, but the question of identification frequently arises when a small amount of oil is involved, and compensation is sought for damage or clean-up costs. The purpose of this paper is to assist the reader in recognising both the type and quantity of oil on differing shorelines.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

 TIP 07: Clean-up of oil from shorelines

 This paper describes commonly used shoreline clean-up techniques and provides advice on which are best suited to each stage of operations for a range of different shoreline types.   

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

TIP 08: Use of sorbent materials in oil spill response.

This paper considers the types of sorbents available and how they may be used beneficially in a response. It should be read in conjunction with other ITOPF papers in this series, particularly on the use of booms, the use of skimmers, shoreline clean-up techniques and the disposal of oil and debris.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  

TIP 09: Disposal of oil and debris

This paper explores the various options available for the management of waste material generated as a result of ship-source oil spills in the marine environment.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

TIP 10: Leadership, command & management of oil spills

This paper considers many of the situations encountered in a response to ship-source pollution and explains how effective leadership, command and management can maximise the success of response operations. Many of the subjects touched on are discussed in greater detail in other ITOPF papers in this series, as listed on the back cover, but in particular, the paper on Contingency Planning for Marine Oil Spills.   

 Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

TIP 11: Effects of oil pollution on fisheries and mariculture

This paper describes the effects of ship-source oil pollution on fishing and mariculture and provides guidance on response measures and management strategies which may help to reduce the severity of oil spill impacts. Damage to other economic resources is considered in a separate Technical Information Paper.   

Download    

TIP 12: Effects of oil pollution on social and economic activities

 This paper considers some of the effects of oil spills on a variety of coastal industries and social activities and considers measures which might reduce their impact. Given their particular importance, the effects of oil spills on fisheries and mariculture are considered in a separate Technical Information Paper.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                             

 TIP 13: Effects of oil pollution on the marine environment

This paper describes the effects of ship-source oil spills and resultant clean-up activities on marine flora and fauna, and their habitats. Particular attention is devoted to discussing the complex interactions between oil and biological systems, which have been the subject of diverse studies over many years. Separate ITOPF papers consider the specific effects of oil on fisheries and mariculture and on wider human activity.    

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

TIP 14: Sampling and monitoring of marine oil spills

This paper provides a broad overview of the monitoring and sampling procedures that can be used for qualitative and quantitative monitoring of oil contamination. While qualitative analyses can confirm the source of oil contamination, monitoring programmes are often concerned with the quantitative changes in hydrocarbon levels over time. Guidance on analytical best practice is given and common terminology is explained. However, the techniques and observations required to monitor specific ecological or biological effects and to monitor contaminants in the air are beyond the scope of this paper.  

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                         

TIP 15: Preparation and submission of claims from oil pollution 

This paper provides guidance on the information to be recorded and the documentation or other evidence required to support a claim. The process by which a claim should be compiled and submitted is also outlined. This paper is applicable primarily to spills of oil from ships although many of the points raised will be relevant to spills of oil from other sources.    

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                             

TIP 16: Contingency planning for marine oil spills

This paper outlines the typical format and content of contingency plans for response to ship-source spills and highlights the key steps required for an effective plan.    

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

 TIP 17: Response to marine chemical incidents

This paper introduces the issues involved in responding to chemical spills and addresses the range of hazards present, the behaviour of chemicals when spilt at sea and briefly reviews available response options.  

Download                                                                                                                            

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

http://www.noaa.gov/

RESPONSE TOOLS FOR OIL SPILLS

Here is a quick guide to many of the most used tools and resources that NOAA OR&R offers for oil spill responders and planners. General emergency responders may also want to refer to the quick list of tools and resources for chemical spill response.

Software and Datasets

  • ADIOS, oil weathering model.
  • ERMA®, online mapping tool for environmental response data, adapted to a variety of regions.
  • Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps and data, concise summaries of coastal resources that may be at risk in a spill incident.
  • GNOME, oil spill trajectory model.
  • GOODS, a tool that helps GNOME users access base maps, ocean currents, and winds.
  • NUCOS, a unit converter that includes units unique to oil spill response.
  • Spill Tools, a set of three programs: the Mechanical Equipment Calculator, the In Situ Burn Calculator, and the Dispersant Mission Planner.
  • Trajectory Analysis Planner, oil spill contingency planning software. Publications, Training, and Other Resources
  • FOSC’s Guide, describes the scientific products and services that NOAA can provide to FOSCs (Federal On-Scene Coordinators).
  • Incident Command System (ICS) forms, available as an electronic database.
  • Job Aids, field guides to assist with various response tasks.
  • Publications, a list of our spill response reports, guides, and publications.
  • Seafood Safety after an Oil Spill, background information and publications describing how to monitor seafood for exposure and contamination after an oil spill.
  • Training, classes and self-study options for spill response professionals.

Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) Database

The Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) database is a software program you can use to estimate the fate and effects of thousands of chemicals, oils, and dispersants. CAFE serves as a tool to help responders in their assessment of environmental impacts from chemical or oil spills into an aquatic environment. Using CAFE, you can choose between four different spill scenarios: chemical, oil only, dispersant only, and dispersants mixed with oil.

Download CAFE

More Information about Oil Spill Response

Learn more about OR&R’s tools and resources for oil spill response. You can also find contact information for SSCs around the U.S., and a sampling of research publications written by OR&R scientists and other partners.

NHL UNIVERSITY –  OIL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

http://www.spillresponse.nl/index.php/Category:Oil_Spill_Response_Manual

The first edition of the Oil Spill Response Manual was published by the University of Applied Sciences in December 2014. Authors of the chemical spill response manual Dr. Wierd Koops Hon. FISCO and Marieke Zeinstra have prepared the manual with the help of various private companies, Governmental and NGO organizations.

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Individual chapters can be viewed by clicking on Chapter Titles listed below.

Oil types and their properties – 

2  Causes of oil spills – 

Behaviour of oil in the marine environment  – 

4  Effects of spilled oil on the environment– 

5  The process of removal oil from the water surface – 

6  Retaining and concentrating spilled oil with booms – 

7  Oil removal with stationary skimmers – 

8  Oil removal with dynamic skimmer booms – 

9  Safety precautions and requirements for oil recovery vessels – 

10  Chemical dispersion of spilled oil – 

11  In-situ burning of spilled oil – 

12  Oil removal with sorbents – 

13  Coastal clean-up of spilled oil – 

14  How to keep clean during an oil spill operation – 

15  Treatment of oil-fouled bird – 

16  Decision making in oil spill response – 

Further reading

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

http://www.rempec.org 

 The “Regional Oil Combating Centre” (ROCC) was originally established in 1976 by the decision of the Contracting Parties with the mandate to strengthen the capacities of coastal States in the Mediterranean region and to facilitate co-operation among them in order to combat massive marine pollution by oil, particularly by developing national capacities to combat oil pollution and by establishing a regional information system with a view to dealing with marine pollution emergencies. In 1989, the name of the Centre was changed to the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC). REMPEC is administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in cooperation with UNEP/MAP.

REMPEC has developed a series of Guidelines with particular relevance to the Mediterranean Region.

Guide for combating accidental marine pollution in the Mediterranean

Mediterranean Oiled Shoreline Assessment Guidelines 

Guidelines for the use of  dispersants for combating oil pollution at sea in the Mediterranean region

Mediterranean oil spill waste management guidelines

Mediterranean Guide on Co-operation and Mutual Assistance in Responding to Marine Pollution Incidents (2018)

POSOW: (Preparedness for Oil-polluted Shoreline clean-up and Oiled Wildlife)

http://www.posow.org

In 2012-2013, the two year project for Preparedness for Oil-polluted Shoreline clean-up and Oiled Wildlife interventions – POSOW (hereafter referred to as “POSOW I”) supported the establishment of a regional cooperation synergy in the field of marine pollution through the enhancement of knowledge and capacities of professional and volunteer operators working in civil protection services, in municipalities and in NGOs, in the European Union coastal countries of the Mediterranean Sea (namely: Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia and Spain). The POSOW I project grew out of collaboration between ISPRA, Cedre, Sea Alarm and CPMR and coordinated by REMPEC, a regional Centre of the Barcelona Convention.

The extension and spreading of the results and benefits of the POSOW I project to some targeted Southern Mediterranean European Neighbourhood countries and EU candidate countries and potential candidates not participating in the Mechanism (referred as Southern Mediterranean European Neighbourhood

Policy Countries and Enlargement Countries) should support the enhancement of the oil spill response preparedness level of the national civil protection in these countries, their mutual cooperation, as well as facilitate the support of the European Civil Protection Mechanism in case of request for assistance from one or more of these countries.

In this context, the POSOW II project aims at expanding the achievements of POSOW I (development and provision of Training Material Package, organization of Train the Trainer Courses and National Pilot Training Courses, development, and maintenance of POSOW Website and Volunteers Database, etc.) to these Southern Mediterranean European Neighbourhood Policy Countries and Enlargement Countries, namely: Algeria, Egypt, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey.

The following material were produced in the framework of the POSOW I & II projects, and can be downloaded from the POSOW website: –

Oiled Shoreline Assessment Manual

Oiled Shoreline Clean-up Manual

Oiled Spill Volunteer Management Manual

Oiled Wildlife Response Manual

Oiled Spill Waste Management Manual

Fishermen’s Support in Oil Spill Response Manual

SHORELINE CLEANUP ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUE (SCAT)

http://www.owenscoastal.com/

The files on this website have been compiled to provide a one-stop source of SCAT materials and documents. These resources are organized into:

http://www.owenscoastal.com/Training.html

http://www.owenscoastal.com/Scat%20resource.html

This site is maintained and will be revised on a continuing basis by Owens Response Group (ORG) as additional or new materials become available.

Additions to this site can be contributed by contacting ORG: Helen@owensresponse.com

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