113 Development of a green and low-cost method to determine mercury content in sediments affected by oil spill on the Brazilian coast

de Brito J.K.S., Campos V.M., Oliveira A.H.B., Lopes G.S. (2024) Marine Pollution Bulletin, 202, art. no. 116346,  DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2024.116346

ABSTRACT: Tons of crude oil were found on the Brazilian coast in 2019, and studies assessing its chemical composition are still scarce. This study aimed to develop a new and simple technique of cold vapor generation using infrared irradiation coupled with atomic absorption spectrometry to determine mercury content in sediments contaminated by crude oil. Experimental conditions were evaluated, including formic acid concentration, reactor temperature, and carrier gas flow rate. The accuracy of the method was validated by comparison with mercury contents in a certified reference material (PACS-2). The detection limit was found to be 0.44 μg kg−1. The developed method was applied to determine the total mercury content in marine sediment samples collected from beaches in Ceará State. Mercury concentrations ranged from 0.41 to 0.95 mg kg−1. The proposed method is efficient, simple, low-cost, and adequate for its purpose.

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