Oil Spill Response Technical & Reference Information

 

The aim of this page is to provide our members with a comprehensive facility for accessing oil spill response tools, manuals, guidelines, case histories and other information from a wide range of sources. Users are invited to recommend inclusion of additional information that will be useful to other members. Please send your suggestions to info@spillcontrol.org 

Members are also requested to report any broken links or other problems in order that corrective action can be taken

These pages are revised and updated from time to time but content may not always contain latest information that has recently been uploaded on websites of the listed organizations. You can check for updates by visiting the websites of the listed information sources.

 

LIST OF CONTENTS / INFORMATION SOURCES

 

AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

ARCTIC COUNCIL- EMERGENCY PREVENTION PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE 

CENTRE OF DOCUMENTATION, RESEARCH AND EXPERIMENTATION ON ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION  (CEDRE)

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)

IPIECA (Formerly known as the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association)

ITOPF LTD. (Formerly known as The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd.)

NATIONAL OCEANIC & ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

NHL UNIVERSITY – OIL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

OIL SPILL SOLUTIONS

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY RESPONSE CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

SHORELINE CLEANUP ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUE (SCAT)

 

 

PLEASE SCROLL DOWN TO FIND THE SECTION YOU REQUIRE

 

AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

http://www.americanpetroleuminstitute.com/publications-standards-and-statistics/publications

 

Aerial and Vessel Dispersant Preparedness and Operational Guide –  Technical Report 1148

The Guide is divided into two parts that provide guidance and examples on:

  • Preparedness: Planning, organization, training, exercising, and other activities that can be conducted prior to a spill to ensure adequate resources and readiness for dispersant application, and
  • Operations: Response objectives and checklists, operational plans, procedures, meetings and forms that can be used to aid in obtaining regulatory approval and to effectively manage, coordinate and document dispersant operations.

Additionally, the Dispersant Guide can be used to develop a company’s or organization’s stand-alone dispersant preparedness and operations plan, or can be incorporated into applicable oil spill response plans (OSRPs). Although developed for U.S. based dispersant operations, the processes and examples represent best practices and easily can be modified for international operations.

The Aerial and Vessel Dispersant Preparedness and Operations Guide is available free-of-charge at the following API web site:

http://www.oilspillprevention.org/~/media/oil-spill-prevention/spillprevention/r-and-d/dispersants/api-technical-report-1148-final.pdf

 

 

ARCTIC COUNCIL – EPPR

The EPPR Working Group was established under the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) in 1991. The EPPR Working Group is one of six working groups of the Arctic Council, which was established in 1996 to foster international co-operation on environmental protection and sustainable development in the Arctic. EPPR reports to the Arctic Council and Ministers through Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs). The EPPR Working Group receives its direction from Ministerial meetings held every two years.

Website: eppr.org

Reports from Exercises

Reports and Assessments on the topic of oil spill response

Additional work related to analyses and assessments.

Appendix IV: Operational Guidelines 2017, Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness & Response in the Arctic

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-12-01)

The Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (the “Agreement”) includes the following nonbinding Operational Guidelines (the “Guidelines”). Nothing in these Guidelines is…

MOSPA Table-Top Exercise 2018 Participant Manual

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2018-03)

The 2018 Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) Tabletop Exercise (TTX) is sponsored by the Arctic Council’s Emergency Prevention, Preparedness, and Response (EPPR) …

EPPR Strategic Plan

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2016-03-16)

EPPR is assigned the responsibility for maintaining the Operational Guidelines that implement the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) to which all Arctic Council …

Marine Environmental Response (MER) Experts Group Mandate

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-06-29)

The MER Experts Group’s purpose is to focus specifically on promoting the implementation of the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic (MOSPA) and its Operational Guidelines …

Search and Rescue (SAR) Experts Group Mandate

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-06-29)

The SAR EG reports to the EPPR as a guiding body. The group`s purpose is to facilitate high-level, intergovernmental discourse on Arctic SAR issues and to ensure the implementation of the Arctic SAR agreement.

Field Guide for Oil Spill Response in Arctic Waters: Second Edition 2017

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017)

This Field Guide has been developed to provide circumpolar countries with operational oil spill response guidance specific to the unique climatic and physiographic features of the Arctic environment. The Field Guide is a …

Oil Spill Preparedness in Small Communities

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(2017-05)

Community leaders and local emergency response officials were asked to complete the questionnaire. Based on the self-assessment, community preparedness dashboards are displayed via a web-based, interactive map. Also available …

Final Report; Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The report on “Standards for the Prevention of Oil Spills from Offshore Oil and Maritime Industry in the Arctic” has been prepared for the Arctic Council – Emergency, Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR) Working …

Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic; Summary Report

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The project “Standardization as a Tool for Prevention of Oil Spills in the Arctic” was approved by EPPR in May 2015 and received concurrence for action by the Senior Arctic Officials (SAOs) at their October meeting, 2015.

Arctic Spill Response Database Query Tool User Guide (Version 1.03)

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE) recognizes the importance of reliable data in responding quickly and efficiently to oil spills in the Arctic Region. The …

Circumpolar Oil Spill Response Viability Analysis; Technical Report

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Arctic Council Secretariat, 2017-05-11)

The purpose of this circumpolar Arctic response viability analysis is to better understand the potential for different oil spill response systems to operate in the Arctic marine environment. The EPPR Working Group …

Международной научно-практической конференции. «Проблемы предупреждения и ликвидации чрезвычайных ситуаций и создание комплексных аварийно-спасательных центров в Арктике».

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2012)

“От имени и по поручению Губернатора и Правительства Красноярского края, а также от себя лично разрешите поприветствовать вас на Международной научно-практической конференции, посвященной вопросам предупреждения и ликвидации …

Recommended Practices for Arctic Oil Spill Prevention

Det norske Veritas (Dn V)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2013)

This report was prepared by DNV on behalf of the Norwegian Coastal Administration, which represents Norway in the Arctic Council’s Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response Working Group (EPPR). This report includes …

Arctic Exercise: After Action Report. On the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic.

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2014-09)

The first exercise under the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic was hosted by Canada, and organised by the Canadian Coast Guard as National Competent Authority for …

Guide to Oil Spill Response in Snow and Ice Conditions

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR), 2015)

The objective of the Arctic version of the Guide is to identify and describe those aspects of planning and operations that are directly associated with a response to an Arctic oil spill in ice and snow conditions. Response …

Руководство по реагированию на разливы нефти в условиях ледового и снежного покрова. Резюме.

Bjerkemo, Ole Kristian; Bruns, Patti(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2015)

Арктика – динамичный, меняющийся регион. Находясь в среде, которая отличается как крайней уязвимостью, так и высокой жизнеспособностью, жители Арктики понимают необходимость добрососедского циркумполярного сотрудничества …

Summary: Guide to Oil Spill Response in Snow and Ice Conditions in the Arctic.

Bjerkemo, Ole Kristian; Bruns, Patti(EPPR Secretariat; Arctic Council Secretariat, 2015)

The Arctic is a dynamic and changing region. With an environment that is both fragile and resilient, Arctic inhabitants understand that it takes cooperation among circumpolar neighbors to safeguard resources that are key …

Arctic Environmental Response Management Application

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat, 2015)

ERMA is an online mapping tool that integrates both static and real-time data, such as Environmental Sensitivity Index maps, ship locations, weather, and ocean currents, in a centralized format for environmental responders …

Arctic Environmental Hazards and National Mitigation Programs.

Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response (EPPR)(EPPR Secretariat, 2015)

Under the Arctic Environment Protection Strategy and the Arctic Council, the Arctic countries have agreed on a “framework for taking early cooperative action on emergency prevention, preparedness and response in the Arctic.” …

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CEDRE

We regret to advise that the links for downloading the guidelines given below are currently not active. Cedre has advised that it is hoped to reactivate the links soon. The links will be re-activated and new material will be added as soon as its availability is advised by Cedre. 

http://wwz.cedre.fr/en/Resources/Publications/Operational-Guides 

 

http:/wwz.cedre.fr/en/

Cedre produces custom-made documents providing an overview of field issues and compiling operational information for use in the event of a spill.   Cedre documents are available in French, English and Spanish.

The dissemination of Cedre’s knowledge in the form of guides and operational documents is intended to help readers to manage, or prepare to manage, accidental water pollution.

Cedre Operational Guides provide information for decision-makers and operators in the event of a spill of pollutant into an aquatic environment.  In this section links are provided for downloading Cedre Operational Guides but you can find much more useful information by visiting the Cedre website at http://wwz.cedre.fr/en/ 

 

CUSTOM-MADE SPILL RESPONSE BARRIERS

During the response to many oil spills in coastal or inland waters, the use of manufactured booms has often been supplemented by the use of devices put together by response teams in emergency situations. Download

MANUFACTURED SPILL RESPONSE BOOMS

This guide focuses on manufactured (i.e. factory-made) spill response booms and attempts to provide an overview of the main models available on the market.   Download

USE OF SORBENTS FOR SPILL RESPONSE

The guide is aimed at operators liable to use sorbents as part of response operations to accidental oil or chemical pollution.   Download

RESPONSE TO SMALL-SCALE POLLUTION IN PORTS AND HARBOURS

This guide aims to provide operational answers to all the questions which responders may have on the choice of response techniques and materials suitable for small pollution incidents in ports and harbours.   Download

SURVEYING SITES POLLUTED BY OIL

This guide seeks to present a coastal survey method likely to produce a useable, short and yet complete report that can be used as a basis for filling in an operational coastal report form.    Download

LOCAL AUTHORITIES’ GUIDE: WHAT TO DO IN THE EVENT OF A SPILL

The guide addresses some general issues and provides many examples of the French organisation.

This guide aims to give this authority keys to decision-making in the event or threat of a spill of pollutant liableto reach the banks or shoreline of his municipa­lity.     Download

 VEGETABLE OIL SPILLS AT SEA

Vegetable oils are an ever-increasing part of bulk traffic. These oils are only slightly toxic, however, when spilled in significant volumes, they can have adverse effects on the environment

This guide is to offer useful scientific and technical facts to operational team.  Download

INVOLVEMENT OF SEA PROFESSIONALS IN SPILL RESPONSE

The aim of this guide is to provide managers of fleets of sea professionals as well as response operators on the shoreline, with organisational and technical solutions in order to implement an appropriate and efficient response to a spill of pollutant, whether crude or refined oil, chemicals, drums or containers.   Download

USING DISPERSANT TO TREAT OIL SLICKS AT SEA – AIRBORNE AND SHIPBOARD TREATMENT

This guide replaces two others entitled “Manual for treating slicks with dispersants sprayed from surface vessels” and “Manual for treating slicks with dispersants sprayed from airborne assets” dating back to 1987 and 1991 respectively. We update our publications in the light of how techniques, technology and knowledge have developed, in a more operational format.   Download

MANAGEMENT OF VOLUNTEERS IN COASTAL POLLUTIOM RESPONSE

This guide is aimed at setting out general, common principles of organisation and management in the event of a coastal pollution incident, in particular for associations and NGOs who may have to manage volunteers.   Download

OIL SPILL WASTE MANAGEMENT

In the event of accidental shoreline pollution, clean-up operations inevitably generate all kinds of waste materials, sometimes in great quantities.

The aim of this guide is to provide the information needed to help in initial decision-making in an emergency situation.   Download

CONTAINERS AND PACKAGES LOST AT SEA

The aim of this operational guide is to provide the information necessary for an initial decision to be taken even before any precise information from the shipping companies involved is available.   Download

AERIAL OBSERVATION OF OIL POLLUTION AT SEA

The first vocation of this operational guide is to be present onboard all aircraft likely to be involved in aerial observation of oil pollution at sea. However it is also a useful tool in pollution response centres and as a technical support for public relations personnel.   Download

ECOLOGICAL MONITORING OF ACCIDENTAL WATER POLLUTION

This guide is aimed at decision-makers liable to be involved in designing and implementing ecological monitoring programmes in the aftermath of an accidental water pollution incident.   Download

 

 

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION (IMO)

Since this site was uploaded a number of new or updated publications have been issued. You are recommednded to visit the IMO Publications Website for a more comprehensive list of available publications.

http://www.imo.org/pages/home.aspx

IMO has over 200 titles available in English. Many are translated into French, Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian.

For your convenience, the 2015 publications catalogue lists all titles issued in printed and electronic format. Book code lists with CD and DVD titles are available for easy reference, including e-reader files and e-books.

Note that IMO Publications are not available for free downloading. To find out about how to purchase IMO Publications please visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Documents/Attachments/Welcome.pdf

The list of publications given below relate to Oil Pollution Control.  To access more information about the publications listed below and view the complete list of all IMO Publications please visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Documents/Catalogue%20and%20Book%20Code%20Lists/English/Catalogue.pdf

To check for recently added publications visit http://www.imo.org/Publications/Pages/JustPublished.aspx     Details of new and forthcoming IMO Publications are given in IMO Publishing News and a link for viewing the latest issue can be found in every issue of the ISCO Newsletter.

MARPOL (Consolidated edition 2011)

MARPOL: HOW TO DO IT (2013 Edition)

POLLUTION PREVENTION EQUIPMENT UNDER MARPOL (2006 Edition)

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR PREVENTION OF POLLUTION OF THE SEA BY OIL 1954 (OILPOL)

PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE REPORTING OF INCIDENTS INVOLVING HARMFUL SUBSTANCES UNDER MARPOL (1999 Edition)

SUPPLEMENT RELATING TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE PREVENTION OF POLLUTION OF THE SEA BY OIL 1954 (1981 Edition)

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON OIL POLLUTION PREPAREDNESS, RESPONSE AND CO-OPERATION 1990 (OPRC) (1991 Edition)

PARTICULARLY SENSITIVE SEA AREAS (PSSA) (2007 Edition)

MANUAL ON OIL POLLUTION (In 5 Sections, available as separate publications)

IMO/UNEP GUIDELINES ON OIL SPILL DISPERSANT APPLICATION INCLUDING ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS (1995 Edition)

MANUAL ON OIL SPILL RISK EVALUATION AND ASSESSMENT OF RESPONSE PREPAREDNESS (2010 Edition)

IMO/UNEP GUIDANCE ON THE ASSESSMENT AND RESTORATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE FOLLOWING OIL SPILLS (2009 Edition)

GUIDANCE DOCUMENT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (IMS)

GUIDELINE FOR OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN FAST CURRENTS

GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SHIPBOARD MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY PLANS (2010 Edition)

BIOREMEDIATION IN MARINE OIL SPILLS (2010 Edition)

IMO/FAO GUIDANCE ON MANAGING SEA FOOD SAFETY DURING AND AFTER OIL SPILLS (2002 Edition)

FIELD GUIDE FOR OIL SPILL RESPONSE IN TROPICAL WATERS (1997 Edition)

 

 

 

 

 

IPIECA

To look at the currently available guidelines please click on http://www.ipieca.org/resources/

 http://www.ipieca.org

 

IPIECA is the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues. IPIECA is the only global association involving both the upstream and downstream oil and gas industry on environmental and social issues. IPIECA’s membership covers over half of the world’s oil production.  IPIECA has produced a series of good practice guides available for free download and also available in hard copy from the IPIECA Secretariat. Most IPIECA publications are available in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian and Chinese.

GOOD PRACTICE GUIDES PUBLISHED BY IPIECA

OIL SPILL PREPAREDNESS 

Strategy

Oil spill preparedness and response: An introduction. (2019) Available in English, Spanish, German, Portuguese, Russian

Guidelines on implementing spill impact mitigation assessment (SIMA). (2018)

Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA). (2016) Available in English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

The global distribution and assessment of major oil spill response resources. (2016)

Tiered preparedness and response. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Incident Management Systems (IMS). (2014) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Planning

Contingency planning for oil spills on water. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Regulatory approval of dispersant products and authorization for their use. (2016)

Sensitivity mapping for oil spill response. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Guidelines on oil characterization to inform spill response decisions. (2013)

Oil spill risk assessment and response planning for offshore installations. (2013)

People

Mutual Aid Indemnification and Liability, including a template Emergency Personnel Secondment Agreement. (2016)

Oil spill exercises. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Oil spill response training. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Oil spill responder health and safety. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Response  

Aerial observation of oil pollution at sea. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

A guide to oiled shoreline clean-up techniques. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

A guide to shoreline assessment (SCAT) surveys. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

At-sea containment and recovery. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

At-sea monitoring of surface dispersant effectiveness. (2014)

Controlled in-situ burning of spilled oil. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Dispersants logistics and supply planning. (2016)

Dispersants: subsea application. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Dispersants: surface application. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Guidelines for the selection of in-situ burning equipment. (2016)

Inland responses. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Russian  

In-water surveillance of oil spills at sea. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Oil spill waste minimization and management. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Satellite remote sensing of oil spills at sea. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

The use of decanting during offshore oil spill recovery operations. (2016)

Wildlife response preparedness. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian 

Impacts   

Economic assessment and compensation for marine oil releases. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, German, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Impacts on marine ecology. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

Impacts on shorelines. (2016) Available in English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Russian 

 

 

 

ITOPF Ltd.

http://www.itopf.com

 

 

TECHNICAL INFORMATION PAPERS ON MARINE OIL SPILL RESPONSE             

 

ITOPF’s series of Technical Information Papers (TIPs) reflect technological advances and ITOPF’s more recent collective experience on a wide range of marine pollution topics. Each paper covers a specific subject in a concise manner, illustrated with photographs and diagrams.

 

Available to download from ITOPF’s website in the following languages:

 

English   Chinese   French   Korean   Russian   Spanish   Arabic   Turkish   Japanese                                                                                              

 

TIP 01: Aerial observation of marine oil spills

 

This paper presents advice and guidance on conducting effective aerial reconnaissance.        

 

Download                                                                                 

 

TIP 02: Fate of marine oil spills

 

This paper describes the combined effects of the various natural processes acting on spilled oil, collectively known as ‘weathering’. Factors which determine whether or not the oil is likely to persist in the marine environment are considered together with the implications for response operations.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

TIP 03: Use of booms in oil pollution response

 

This paper describes the principles of boom design and the two main modes of operation, namely towing by vessels at sea and mooring in shallow or inshore waters.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

 

TIP 04: Use of dispersants to treat oil spills

 

This paper provides an overview of the use and limitations of dispersants on floating oil, as one of a range of options available for response to ship-source marine oil spills.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                          

 

TIP 05: Use of skimmers in oil pollution response

 

This paper describes the fundamental requirements for the successful use of skimmers in the situations most likely to be encountered during an oil spill and should be read in conjunction with other ITOPF papers in this series, in particular, on the use of booms, shoreline clean-up techniques and the disposal of oil.   

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

 

TIP 06: Recognition of oil on shorelines

 

In cases of large spills, the source of stranded oil may be obvious, but the question of identification frequently arises when a small amount of oil is involved and compensation is sought for damage or clean-up costs. The purpose of this paper is to assist the reader in recognising both the type and quantity of oil on differing shorelines.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

 

TIP 07: Clean-up of oil from shorelines

 

This paper describes commonly used shoreline clean-up techniques and provides advice on which are best suited to each stage of operations for a range of different shoreline types.   

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

 

TIP 08: Use of sorbent materials in oil spill response

 

This paper considers the types of sorbents available and how they may be used beneficially in a response. It should be read in conjunction with other ITOPF papers in this series, particularly on the use of booms, the use of skimmers, shoreline clean-up techniques and the disposal of oil and debris.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

 

TIP 09: Disposal of oil and debris

 

This paper explores the various options available for the management of waste material generated as a result of ship-source oil spills in the marine environment.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       

 

TIP 10: Leadership, command & management of oil spills

 

This paper considers many of the situations encountered in a response to ship-source pollution and explains how effective leadership, command and management can maximise the success of response operations. Many of the subjects touched on are discussed in greater detail in other ITOPF papers in this series, as listed on the back cover, but in particular, the paper on Contingency Planning for Marine Oil Spills.   

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

 

TIP 11: Effects of oil pollution on fisheries and mariculture

 

This paper describes the effects of ship-source oil pollution on fishing and mariculture and provides guidance on response measures and management strategies which may help to reduce the severity of oil spill impacts. Damage to other economic resources is considered in a separate Technical Information Paper.   

 

Download    

 

                                                                                                                                                                                

 

TIP 12: Effects of oil pollution on social and economic activities

 

This paper considers some of the effects of oil spills on a variety of coastal industries and social activities and considers measures which might reduce their impact. Given their particular importance, the effects of oil spills on fisheries and mariculture are considered in a separate Technical Information Paper.    

 

Download  

 

                                                                                                                                                                                   

 

TIP 13: Effects of oil pollution on the marine environment

 

This paper describes the effects of ship-source oil spills and resultant clean-up activities on marine flora and fauna, and their habitats. Particular attention is devoted to discussing the complex interactions between oil and biological systems, which have been the subject of diverse studies over many years. Separate ITOPF papers consider the specific effects of oil on fisheries and mariculture and on wider human activity.    

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

 

TIP 14: Sampling and monitoring of marine oil spills

 

This paper provides a broad overview of the monitoring and sampling procedures that can be used for qualitative and quantitative monitoring of oil contamination. While qualitative analyses can confirm the source of oil contamination, monitoring programmes are often concerned with the quantitative changes in hydrocarbon levels over time. Guidance on analytical best practice is given and common terminology is explained. However, the techniques and observations required to monitor specific ecological or biological effects and to monitor contaminants in the air are beyond the scope of this paper.  

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

TIP 15: Preparation and submission of claims from oil pollution

 

This paper provides guidance on the information to be recorded and the documentation or other evidence required to support a claim. The process by which a claim should be compiled and submitted is also outlined. This paper is applicable primarily to spills of oil from ships although many of the points raised will be relevant to spills of oil from other sources.   

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                             

 

TIP 16: Contingency planning for marine oil spills

 

This paper outlines the typical format and content of contingency plans for response to ship-source spills and highlights the key steps required for an effective plan.    

 

Download                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

 

TIP 17: Response to marine chemical incidents

 

This paper provides an introduction to the issues involved in responding to chemical spills and addresses the range of hazards present, the behaviour of chemicals when spilt at sea and briefly reviews available response options.  

 

Download

 

                                                                                                           

                                                                                                                                                                                     

NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA)

http://www.noaa.gov/

RESPONSE TOOLS FOR OIL SPILLS

Here is a quick guide to many of the most commonly used tools and resources that NOAA OR&R offers for oil spill responders and planners. General emergency responders may also want to refer to the quick list of tools and resources for chemical spill response.

Software and Datasets

  • ADIOS, oil weathering model.
  • ERMA®, online mapping tool for environmental response data, adapted to a variety of regions.
  • Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps and data, concise summaries of coastal resources that may be at risk in a spill incident.
  • GNOME, oil spill trajectory model.
  • GOODS, a tool that helps GNOME users access base maps, ocean currents, and winds.
  • NUCOS, a unit converter that includes units unique to oil spill response.
  • Spill Tools, a set of three programs: the Mechanical Equipment Calculator, the In Situ Burn Calculator, and the Dispersant Mission Planner.
  • Trajectory Analysis Planner, oil spill contingency planning software. Publications, Training, and Other Resources
  • FOSC’s Guide, describes the scientific products and services that NOAA can provide to FOSCs (Federal On-Scene Coordinators).
  • Incident Command System (ICS) forms, available as an electronic database.
  • Job Aids, field guides to assist with various response tasks.
  • Publications, a list of our spill response reports, guides, and publications.
  • Seafood Safety after an Oil Spill, background information and publications describing how to monitor seafood for exposure and contamination after an oil spill.
  • Training, classes and self-study options for spill response professionals.

 

Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) Database

 

The Chemical Aquatic Fate and Effects (CAFE) database is a software program you can use to estimate the fate and effects of thousands of chemicals, oils, and dispersants.

 

CAFE serves as a tool to help responders in their assessment of environmental impacts from chemical or oil spills into an aquatic environment.

 

Using CAFE, you can choose between four different spill scenarios: chemical, oil only, dispersant only, and dispersants mixed with oil.

 

Download CAFE

 

More Information about Oil Spill Response

Learn more about OR&R’s tools and resources for oil spill response.You can also find contact information for SSCs around the U.S., and a sampling of research publications written by OR&R scientists and other partners.

 

 

NHL UNIVERSITY  –  OIL SPILL RESPONSE MANUAL

http://www.spillresponse.nl/index.php/Category:Oil_Spill_Response_Manual

The first edition of the Oil Spill Response Manual was published by the University of Applied Sciences in December 2014. Authors of the chemical spill response manual Dr. Wierd Koops Hon.FISCO and Marieke Zeinstra have prepared the manual  with the help of various private companies, Governmental and NGO organizations.

Viewing the information can be done by anyone. A user is required to log in In order to add or change information. We do, however, invite everyone to add or change information as they find necessary. In order to obtain a personal log-in,  email me

Individual chapters can be viewed by clicking on Chapter Titles listed below.

1 Oil types and their properties – 

Causes of oil spills – 

3 Behaviour of oil in the marine environment  – 

Effects of spilled oil on the environment– 

The process of removal oil from the water surface – 

Retaining and concentrating spilled oil with booms – 

Oil removal with stationary skimmers – 

Oil removal with dynamic skimmer booms – 

Safety precautions and requirements for oil recovery vessels – 

10  Chemical dispersion of spilled oil – 

11  In-situ burning of spilled oil – 

12  Oil removal with sorbents – 

13  Coastal clean-up of spilled oil – 

14  How to keep clean during an oil spill operation – 

15  Treatment of oil-fouled bird – 

16  Decision making in oil spill response – 

Further reading

 

 

 

OIL SPILL SOLUTIONS

We regret to advise that the Oil Spill Solutions website is no longer available. However some technical articles by the late Mark Francis can be accessed within the Technical Articles section of the ISCO website.

 

 

 

 

REGIONAL MARINE POLLUTION EMERGENCY CENTRE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA (REMPEC)

http://www.rempec.org 

 The “Regional Oil Combating Centre” (ROCC) was originally established in 1976 by the decision of the Contracting Parties with the mandate to strengthen the capacities of coastal States in the Mediterranean region and to facilitate co-operation among them in order to combat massive marine pollution by oil, particularly by developing national capacities to combat oil pollution and by establishing a regional information system with a view to dealing with marine pollution emergencies. In 1989, the name of the Centre was changed to the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC). REMPEC is administered by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) in cooperation with UNEP/MAP.

REMPEC has developed a series of Guidlines with particular relevance to the Mediterranean Region

 

 

Guide for combating accidental marine pollution in the Mediterranean

Mediterranean Oiled Shoreline Assessment Guidelines

 

Guidelines for the use of  dispersants for combating oil pollution at sea in the Mediterranean region

Mediterranean oil spill waste management guidelines

 

 

 

 

SHORELINE CLEANUP ASSESSMENT TECHNIQUE  (SCAT)

http://www.shorelinescat.com/

 

The files on this website have been compiled to provide a one-stop source of SCAT materials and documents. These resources are organized into:

This site is maintained and will be revised on a continuing basis by Owens Response Group (ORG) as additional or new materials become available.

Additions to this site can be contributed by contacting ORG: